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一键上传markdown 格式文章到wordpress

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需要修改脚本中的用户名和密码,用户名密码为后台登录用户名和密码。

import os  # 用来遍历文件路径
import sys
import ssl
ssl._create_default_https_context = ssl._create_unverified_context


"""
需要安装如下pip包
pip3 install python-frontmatter
pip3 install markdown
pip install 'Markdown'
pip3 install python-wordpress-xmlrpc
"""
# 1 导入frontmatter模块
import frontmatter

# 2 导入markdown模块
import markdown

# 3 导入wordpress_xmlrpc模块
from wordpress_xmlrpc import Client, WordPressPost
from wordpress_xmlrpc.methods.posts import NewPost


def make_post(filepath, metadata):
    """
    make a WordPressPost for Client call
    :param filepath: 要发布的文件路径
    :param metadata: 字典类型
             包括 metadata['category']: 文章分类
                  metadata['tag']: 文章标签
                  metadata['status']: 有publish发布、draft草稿、private隐私状态可选
    :return WordPressPost: if success
            None: if failure
    """
    filename = os.path.basename(filepath)  # 例如:test(2021.11.19).md
    filename_suffix = filename.split('.')[-1]  # 例如:md
    filename_prefix = filename.replace('.' + filename_suffix, '')  # 例如:test(2021.11.19);注意:这种替换方法要求文件名中只有一个".md"

    # 目前只支持 .md 后缀的文件
    if filename_suffix != 'md':
        return None

    # 1 通过frontmatter.load函数加载读取文档里的信息,包括元数据
    post_from_file = frontmatter.load(filepath)

    # 2 markdown库导入内容
    post_content_html = markdown.markdown(post_from_file.content, extensions=['markdown.extensions.fenced_code'])
    post_content_html = post_content_html.encode("utf-8")

    # 3 将本地post的元数据暂存到metadata中
    metadata['title'] = filename_prefix  # 将文件名去掉.md后缀,作为标题
    # metadata['slug'] = metadata['title']  # 别名
    metadata_keys = metadata.keys()
    # 如果post_from_file.metadata中的属性key存在,那么就将metadata[key]替换为它
    for key in metadata_keys:
        if key in post_from_file.metadata:  # 若md文件中没有元数据'category',则无法调用post.metadata['category']
            metadata[key] = post_from_file.metadata[key]

    # 4 将metadata中的属性赋值给post的对应属性
    post = WordPressPost()  # 要返回的post
    post.content = post_content_html
    post.title = metadata['title']
    # post.slug = metadata['slug']
    post.post_status = metadata['status']
    post.terms_names = {
        'category': metadata['category'],
        'post_tag': metadata['tag']
    }
    post.comment_status = 'open'  # 开启评论
    return post


def push_post(post, client):
    """
    上传post到WordPress网站
    :param post: 要发布的文章(WordPressPost类型),由make_post函数得到
    :param client: 客户端
    :return True: if success
    """
    return client.call(NewPost(post))


def get_filepaths(path):
    """
    如果path是目录路径,递归遍历path目录下的所有文件,将所有文件路径存入filepaths
    如果path是文件路径,直接将单个文件路径存入filepaths
    :param path: 你要上传的目录路径或文件路径(绝对路径)
    :return filepaths: 该目录下的所有子文件或单个文件的绝对路径
            None: wrong path
    """
    filepaths = []
    if os.path.isdir(path):  # 当前路径是目录
        for now_dirpath, child_dirnames, child_filenames in os.walk(path):
            for filename in child_filenames:
                filepath = os.path.join(now_dirpath, filename)
                filepaths.append(filepath)
        return filepaths
    elif os.path.isfile(path):  # 当前路径是文件
        return [path]
    else:  # wrong path
        return None


if __name__ == '__main__':
    # User Configuration
    path = '//Users/guoshh/Downloads/mdfiles'  # e.g. D:/PythonCode/post-wordpress-with-markdown/doc
    domain_list = [
        'https://www.xxx.com',
        'https://xxx.xxx.net'
    ]  # e.g. https://example.com(配置了SSL证书就用https,否则用http)
    username = 'xxxxxx'
    password = 'xxxxxxx'

    for domain in domain_list:
        # Optional Configuration
        post_metadata = {
            'category': ['未分类'],  # 文章分类
            'tag': ['influxdb'],  # 文章标签
            'status': 'publish'  # 可选publish发布、draft草稿、private隐私状态
        }

        # Start Work
        print('----------------------------------------------START----------------------------------------------')
        filepaths = get_filepaths(path)
        if filepaths is None:
            print('FAILURE: wrong path')
            sys.exit(1)

        client = Client(domain + '/xmlrpc.php', username, password)  # 客户端

        md_cnt = 0
        all_cnt = len(filepaths)
        process_number = 0
        failpaths = []  # 存储上传失败的文件路径
        for filepath in filepaths:
            process_number = process_number + 1
            post = make_post(filepath, post_metadata)
            filename = os.path.basename(filepath)
            if post is not None:
                push_post(post, client)
                md_cnt = md_cnt + 1
                print('Process number: %d/%d  SUCCESS: Push "%s" completed!' % (process_number, all_cnt, filename))
            else:
                failpaths.append(filepath)
                print('Process number: %d/%d  WARNING: Can\'t push "%s" because it\'s not Markdown file.' % (
                process_number, all_cnt, filename))
        print('-----------------------------------------------END-----------------------------------------------')
        print('SUCCESS: %d files have been pushed to {0}.'.format(domain) % md_cnt)

        if len(failpaths) > 0:
            print('WARNING: %d files haven\'t been pushed to {0}.'.format(domain) % len(failpaths))
            print('\nFailure to push these file paths:')
            for failpath in failpaths:
                print(failpath)

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